São Paulo City Green Belt Biosphere Reserve Assessment
The assessment will cover the São Paulo City Green Belt Biosphere Reserve,
including the territorial portions that house water resources, forests, crops,
and cultural aspects that are largely and clearly associated with the
metropolitan daily life, while at the same time suffering from the outputs of
the metropolitan area.
Forest Institute of Sao Paulo
Rodrigo A. Braga Moraes Victor
São Paulo City Green Belt Biosphere Reserve
Environment Secretariat, Forest Institute
Rua do Horto, 931
Sao Paulo, SP
Phone: +55 11-6231-8555 x2013 / 2104
Fax: 55 11-6232-3116
This assessment aims to incorporate the reality of urbanized areas and their
surroundings into global environmental assessments. It will explore the
importance of ecosystem goods and services provided by the Green Belt to the
São Paulo megalopolis and how the drivers generated by urbanization threaten
the continuity of these vital processes.
Ecosystem services being assessed
Water supply, climate regulation, flood control and stabilization of sensitive
areas, carbon sequestration, biodiversity, food safety, recreation, cultural
heritage, human health.
Key features of assessment
According to recent data from UNO, the percentage of people living in cities
worldwide has increased in excess of 50%, and available information suggests
that this trend will continue throughout the 21st Century. Generally speaking,
this phenomenon is driving “consumers” of goods & services from planetary
ecosystems to focus on specific “spots” of the Earth’s surface instead of
opting for a more spaced and extensive distribution over the same surface. The
consequences and linkages of this urban concentration are not yet fully known
but, given that this process involves not only migration but population growth
itself, it is the environments consisting of cities and metropolises that will
surely demand the most world resources in the mid- to long run.
With 17.8 million inhabitants, the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo is the 4th
largest metropolis in the world. This gigantism, materialized as a metropolis
of great geopolitical importance and concentration of wealth, unmistakably
comes with extreme poverty, social exclusion, unemployment and, of course,
environmental degradation. The environmental reality of the megalopolis is of a
senseless use of soil, large-scale environmental pollution, unsustainable use
of energy and intensified aridity of urbanized areas contrast sharply with the
surrounding zone. This zone is composed of large portions of forestland,
cultivated areas, costal and marine strips, and virtually untouched areas with
a wealth of environmental resources and services unique in the world.
The seed funding amounts to US $50,000.