Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Strengthening Capacity to Manage Ecosystems Sustainably for Human Well-Being

Portugal Millennium Assessment


The assessment will be carried out in Portugal at a national scale, as well as at regional and local scales. The local sites are Parque Nacional da Peneda-Gerês, Quinta da França, Herdade da Ribeira Abaixo, Herdade da LPN, Troia Peninsula, Mondego River Basin and Mira River Basin.

Lead institution

The Portuguese assessment will be coordinated by the Centro de Biologia Ambiental (CBA) of the Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.

Contact information:

  • Henrique Pereira
    Centro de Biologia Ambiental
    Faculdade de Ciências de Lisboa
    Edificio C2, Campo Grande
    1749-016 Lisboa
    Tel.: +351 217 5000 000 ext. 24404
    Fax: +351 217 500 028

Focal issues

The Portugal MA is designed to meet the needs of decision makers for scientific information, concerning the consequences of ecosystem change for human well being, and options for responding to those changes. The assessment will study ecosystem services at the national level, complemented by case studies at the regional and local level and will have a strong scenario component in order to feed into the decision-making process.

Ecosystem services being assessed

At the national scale the following services will be assessed:

  • Provisioning services: water, fiber and food
  • Supporting services: biodiversity
  • Regulating services: runoff regulation and soil protection, carbon sequestration
  • Cultural services: recreation, tourism and cultural traditions

At the local scale two ecosystems services (one extractive and one non-extractive) will be assessed.

Key features of the assessment

The Portuguese assessment will focus on developing nested scales of assessment, as well as building scenarios that are relevant to Portugal at these different scales. Besides a qualitative assessment of the condition and trend of each ecosystem service, an economic or quantitative assessment will also be made whenever possible. There will be an attempt to assess the impact of changes in ecosystem services on the society, and how that impact feeds back into the primary and proximate drivers affecting ecosystem services.

Timeframe, budget

A pilot study will be completed and reviewed by December 2003. The full assessment will be completed by the end of 2004. The total cost of the assessment is US$ 32,500.