Ecosystems and People: The Philippines MA
The Phase 1 study site is Laguna Lake Basin, which represents a wide array of
ecosystems undergoing rapid transitions. Phase 2 and 3 will take place in
Palawan (Ulugan Bay), and at the national level.
University of the Philippines – College of Forestry and Natural Resources
Dr. Rodel D. Lasco
Environmental Forestry Programme
University of the Philippines
College of Forestry and Natural Resources
College, Laguna 4031
Phone: 63-49- 536-5314
Fax: 63-49- 536-5314
The main objectives of the Philippines sub-global assessment are (a) to assess
the ecosystems of Laguna Lake Basin and the services they provide using the MA
framework and (b) to contribute to the global MA process.
Ecosystem services being assessed
Three scales and five ecosystem services will be included in the assessment of
the Laguna Lake Basin: farm/village scale (fish and rice), basin/watershed
scale (water) and global scale (carbon and biodiversity).
Key features of assessment
The Philippines represents the archipelagic character of the SE Asian region
with more than 7,000 islands. It relies heavily on its natural resources
primarily terrestrial ecosystems (largely tropical forests) and marine and
The Laguna Lake Basin was chosen as study site because it represents a wide
array of ecosystems undergoing rapid transitions due to a multitude of factors.
The Basin is one of the most important and dynamic land and water formations in
the Philippines. It straddles Metro Manila and the fast developing region of
CALABARZON. It is an important source of agricultural commodities and
industrial raw materials. The Laguna Lake is considered to be the freshwater
“fish bowl” of Metro Manila and is also important for irrigation,
transportation and energy production.
The Laguna Lake basin assessment is expected to have an output for the global
assessment by December 2003 and the report completed by 2004. The full-scale
national assessment will be completed by December 2005. For the Laguna Lake
basin, the total budget was $90,542. Of this amount the MA has already
committed $40,000 while the DENR has committed $3,000. In-kind contributions
amount to $24,2000. An additional $100,000 is needed for the Palawan assessment
and another $500,000 is required for the national assessment.