Downstream Mekong River Wetlands Ecosystem Assessment, Vietnam
The assessment covers the Downstream Mekong Wetlands in Vietnam, which are
situated in 12 Vietnam southern provinces that is also known as the Cuu Long
Institute of Geography, Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Institute
of Development Strategies, University of Can Tho.
Other institutions involved are local bodies including relevant Provincial
Departments of Science, Technology and Environment, of Agriculture and Rural
Development, of Aquaculture, and from Centre of Mangrove Studies (Ca Mau).
Mai Trong Thong
Institute of Geography, National Centre for Natural Science and Technology
18 Hoang Quoc Viet str., Cau Giay district
Tel.: +84 4 756 2677
Fax.: +84 4 836 1192
Assessment of changes in biodiversity of natural ecosystems (species
composition, community structure, biotope, rare species, protection and special
use forests, and protected areas);
Assessment on human impacts on natural ecosystems and environment (economic
activities, social activities, natural disaster prevention and mitigation
activities, out-of-date management measures and policies).
Sustainable development scenarios for ecological sub-regions (ecosystem goods
and services, economic structure, development scope of key economic
disciplines, economic structure shifting, amendment of available planning for
Measures to implement development scenarios (population organization patterns,
production models, solutions to technical infrastructural investment and fund
sources, reform of policies and management measures, etc.).
Establishment of a GIS database on ecosystems of every ecological sub-regions,
and of procedure for organizing and making full use of the built database for
ecosystems management in localities;
Training to strengthen capacity for local authorities in managing ecosystems
through uniform data sources and sub-regions linked computer networks; and
Education to improve public awareness of sustainable development, and handing
to local farmers some household's economic patterns.
Ecosystem services being assessed
Agricultural products, aquaculture products, processing products, construction
materials, riverport and seaport activities, timber and non-timber forest
Key features of assessment
The assessment area represents a typical ecosystem in Vietnam as it has a very
high level of biodiversity and is low-lying. This makes it very vulnerable to
the Mekong River’s operating regime. The wetlands in lower Mekong basin in
Vietnam are abundant and multiform, which plays an important role in terms of
both ecology and socio-economics. In the 1990s, the Mekong Delta provided half
of the entire nation’s rice gross output.
Timeframe of the assessment is composed of two stages. Stage 1 from May 2003 to
February 2004, and stage 2 from February to the end of 2004. Total cost will be