Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Strengthening Capacity to Manage Ecosystems Sustainably for Human Well-Being

The Great Asian Mountains Assessment (GAMA)


This crosscutting assessment would include assessments in 6 regions:

  • Altai-Sayan ecoregion
  • Pamir and Tian-shan mountains in Central Asia
  • Hindu Kush-Himalayas
  • Eastern Himalayas
  • Upstream Great Rivers, China
  • Western China

Lead institutions

  • WWF Russia
  • CAREC, Kazakhstan
  • ICIMOD, Nepal
  • ATREE, India
  • Yunnan University, China
  • IGSNRR, China

Contact information:

  • Prof. Jian Liu
    Prof. Jian Liu
    DDG of Bureau of Resources and Environment
    Bureau of Resources and Environment
    Chinese Academy of Sciences
    52 Sanlihe Rd. Beijing
    Beijing 100864 CHINA
    Tel: +86 10 68597530
    Fax: +86 10 68512458

Focal issues

To improve knowledge and regional cooperation on environmental services and their management as well as integrate poverty alleviation and environmental improvement in the Great Asian Mountains of Hindu Kush-Himalayan and Central Asian regions.

Ecosystem services being assessed

Cold source and carbon sinks, climate regulating services, hydrology, biodiversity, food, cultural, recreational.

Key features of assessment

The great mountains in the HKH-Central Asian Continuum cover an area of approximately 8,000 thousand km2, which is the greatest land mass in the world with a very diversified geography and array of ecosystems. The targeted region encompasses territories of 15 countries. The eco-environment of these mountains provides goods and services sustaining the lives of 250 million people living in the uplands and affects the livelihood of about 3 billion people living in the lowlands. In addition, the region has enormous global significance in sustaining the global environment in the face of trends such as global warming.

Timeframe, budget

The collaboration will begin in June 2003 and come to its final stages in January 2007. The total budget over this time period will be US$ 4 million, with in kind contributions amounting to US$ 0.5 million. The initial planning development stage will cost US$ 160,000.