Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
Strengthening Capacity to Manage Ecosystems Sustainably for Human Well-Being

MA Affiliated Scientific Organizations and National Academies of Science

On this page: National Academies of Science | Scientific Organizations | Becoming an MA Affiliated Organization

To facilitate continued interactions with the scientific community in particular, the MA established a network of Affiliated Scientific Organizations. The MA invited international, regional or national scientific societies, academies, ministries, or other organizations responsible for fostering scientific, technical or technological research, monitoring, or assessment or linking scientific research or assessment to the needs of decision-makers to become Affiliated Scientific Organizations and Academies to the MA (ASO).

The world’s National Academies of Sciences represent a unique body of expertise with a unique stature in national policy-making. To help ensure that the MA reached experts in all countries and to help facilitate the dissemination of MA findings within countries, the MA, with the support of the Third World Academy of Sciences and the InterAcademy Panel, established a group of Affiliated Scientific Organizations and Academies of Sciences (ASO). The MA ASO list includes more than 20 academies and other international organizations. These ASOs received review drafts of the Conceptual Framework, all Assessment chapters and synthesis documents, and have played integral roles in the distribution of reports. The ASO members as of September 2004 are listed and briefly described below.

This opportunity was one of several components of the MA Engagement and Outreach strategy designed to welcome the input and involvement of individuals and organizations. The MA Secretariat developed several other means to promote participation and enhance access to the MA. Please read more about opportunities in the Participate section of this website.

National Academies of Science


  • Argentine National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences The National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences (Academia Nacional de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, ANCEFN) was established in 1874 to promote science in Argentina and honour scientists. The Academy bestows awards to scientists for their distinguished contributions in diverse areas of science and technology and has exchange programmes with academies, societies, and learned bodies in several countries. The Academy publishes journals and reports and recognizes young scientists through an awards scheme, and arranges seminars and symposia. The Academy also grants fellowships to university students.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Academy of Sciences and Art of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ANUBiH) The Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina (ANUBiH), the highest scientific and artistic institution in the country, was founded in 1951. The Academy is divided into six departments, with 54 elected members. The departments are authorized to assemble formal work groups to study and evaluate various aspects of scientific and artistic activities. ANUBiH publishes periodical editions. E-mail:


  • Cameroon Academy of Sciences The Academy was founded in 1990 with the goal of promoting the progress of science and technology for the economic, social and cultural development of Cameroon. Specific objectives include promoting research and technological training at the highest level, advising the national government and other national/international policy makers on issues related to science and technology.

(P.R.) China

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Founded in 1949, the Chinese Academy of Sciences is the country's highest academic institution and R&D centre in natural sciences and high technologies. Within the Academy, there are 5 academic divisions with more than 630 academicians working in 123 institutes located in 13 major cities across the country: Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Hefei, Changchun, Shenyang, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Kunming, Xi'an, Lanzhou, Ururnqi (Xinjiang) and Hainan.

Chinese Taipei/Taiwan

  • Academica Sinica Academia Sinica, founded in 1928, is the most prominent academic institution in Taiwan, China. Built from scratch, Academia Sinica has overcome many difficult times and gradually developed into an advanced research institution with a growing body of faculties in increasingly diverse research fields. The designated mission of Academia Sinica is to support basic and applied research in the sciences and humanities, promote the academic research in China and to carry our research to meet national needs.


  • Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences The Colombian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1929, and in 1933 was recognized as a consultative body of the Colombian government. The Academy is a non-governmental organization with three groups of membership: corresponding, full (40 members) and honorary (7 members). It promotes scientific research, and in particular, programmes oriented towards enhancing knowledge of the Colombian natural environment and its resources.


  • Academia de Ciencias Medicas, Fisicas y Naturales de Guatemala The Guatemalan Academy of Medical, Physical and Natural Sciences was established in 1945 with the purpose of dissemination of cultural studies, the advancement of science, support of scientific and technological research and incorporation of universal knowledge to human progress. The Academy is a member of the National Council of Science and Technology where it defends the interest of institutions of advanced education and of individual scientists.


  • Indonesian Academy of Sciences (AIPI) The Indonesian Academy of Sciences was established in 1990. At present it has 41 members, of which 9 are honorary members. The academy currently has 5 scientific committees organized as follows: Committee on Basic Sciences; Committee on Engineering; Committee on Medical Sciences; Committee on Social Sciences; Committee on Art and Culture. E-mail:


  • Kenya National Academy of Sciences (KNAS) The Kenya National Academy of Sciences is a learned, non-political, non-sectarian organization that includes all branches of knowledge. It seeks to foster the transformation of the Kenyan economy through: synthesizing and disseminating knowledge; promoting the advancement of science and technology; facilitating coordination among the different groups of scientists and potential users of science and technology; improving resource utilization through research; enhancing cooperation through international agreements and programmes; providing the government with scientific and technological information for policy formulation and execution. The Academy, founded in 1983, has a current membership of 70. E-mail:


  • Academy of Sciences Malaysia The Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM), established under the Academy of Sciences Malaysia Act 1994, seeks to: foster and promote the development of science, engineering and technology; promote national awareness, understanding and appreciation of the role of science and technology; provide advice to government on aspects of science, engineering and technology that are important to national development; establish and maintain relations with overseas bodies with the same objectives.


  • Philippine National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) The National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), Philippines, was created in 1976 to recognize outstanding achievements in science and technology and to serve as a reservoir of competent scientific and technological manpower for the country. In 1982 the Academy became the advisory body to the President of the Republic of the Philippines on policies concerning science and technology. Current membership is 51 academicians, grouped into the following divisions: Agricultural Sciences; Biological Sciences; Chemical, Mathematical, and Physical Sciences; Engineering Sciences and Technology; Health Sciences; Social Sciences.


  • Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) The Polish Academy of Sciences was founded in 1952, replacing the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences in Cracow which ceased to act until 1989, when it was formally reinstalled as a learned society. The Academy is a state scientific institution. It acts through an elected corporation of scientists and its own research institutes. The Academy aims to develop Sciences, its promotion and the advancement of national culture. The tasks of the Academy are in particular conducting scientific research, presentation of opinions and programs concerning problems of science and the application of the results in practice, development of international scientific co-operation by participation in international scientific organisations and by co-operation with foreign scientific institutions on the basis of bilateral agreements, education of different types, presentation of opinions on legislative acts concerned with science, its application, and with education.


  • Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SASA) The Slovenian Academy of Sciencs and Arts (SASA), founded in 1938, is an autonomous institution promoting excellence in sciences and arts and advancing the nation's natural and cultural heritage. At present the Academy has 66 full, 22 associate and 73 corresponding members, belonging to six sections. It has established close academic links with many academies and other research institutions worldwide. SASA has agreements of cooperation with 25 academies of science and arts from abroad and is a member of international scientific bodies.

South Africa

  • Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) ASSAf was established in 1996 and has ties or agreements with some of the world's leading Science Academies including the US National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of London, and the Russian Academy of Sciences. ASSAf has 201 members, elected on the basis of significant achievement in the advancement or the application of science. Members are drawn from the full range of disciplines including the applied natural sciences and technology as well as the human, social and economic sciences. As part of South Africa's science system, the Academy is an independent, merit-based, "activist" body committed to assisting the nation to find science-based solutions for its problems and to creating science-based opportunities for growth and prosperity.


  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (RSAS) The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which was founded in 1739, today has 164 members less than 65 years old and nearly 200 age 65 or older. The first of these numbers is fixed; it is not until a member turns 65 that a new member can be elected. The academy also has 164 foreign members for whom there are no age-related rules. Members pursue research in: mathematics, astronomy and space science, physics, chemistry, geo-sciences, bio-sciences, medical sciences, engineering sciences, economics and social sciences, humanistic and other sciences. The Academy bestows awards for outstanding scientific achievements, the most noted of which are Nobel-prizes in Physics, Chemistry and the prize in Economy in Memory of Alfred Nobel.


  • The Uganda National Academy of Sciences (UNAS) The Uganda National Academy of Sciences (UNAS), established in 2000, is the umbrella organization for all physical, natural and social scientists in the country. It is a science-based learned society that promotes a merit-based membership of Fellows and bestows awards for excellence. Initially 3 Fellows will be recommended to a General Assembly of UNAS for election as there are none at the moment for this newly revived organization. UNAS has close ties with the Kenya National Academy of Sciences.

United Kingdom

  • The Royal Society As the UK's independent national academy, The Royal Society, founded in 1660, with a current membership of 1300 fellows, represents the British scientific community within Britain and in relations with individuals and groups of scientists throughout the world. The Society is a registered charity and has an endowment from which it runs much of its work. It also receives an annual parliamentary grant-in-aid to support specific activities. It publishes five internationally respected peer-reviewed journals, including Philosophical Transactions of The Royal Society, the world's oldest scientific publication, which first appeared in 1665.


  • African Academy of Sciences (AAS) The AAS was started in 1985 as a continent-wide, professional, non-political and non-profit scientists organisation. It was established with the aim of developing into a pan-Africa forum to champion science - led development in Africa. To this end it strives to be a citadel of learning, discovering and innovation so that Africans can access new independent and unbiased ideas. The Centre has developed a vigorous programme of activities that include Networking, Publication, Policy, Research and Capacity Building in Science and Technology.

Scientific Organizations

  • Asia Pacific Environmental Innovation Strategies (APEIS), Japan The objectives of APEIS are three-fold:
    1. To develop scientific knowledge-based tools and innovative strategy options to promote informed decision-making for sustainable development, for the use of policy makers in the Asia-Pacific region as a common asset in the region
    2. To promote regional cooperation and capacity building, so as to enable Asia-Pacific countries to formulate and implement their own policies for environmental management and protection that take into account their national circumstances, making use of the scientific tools and options developed, through participation and collaboration in the Project
    3. To propose a model of a concrete regional initiative that substantiates and realizes the Plan of Implementation for the World Summit on Sustainable Development, that can be presented from this region to the rest of the world
  • Central Asia Regional Environment Center (CAREC), Kazakhstan The Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC) is one of the institutions incorporated into the network of similar centres (RECs) established in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States (Hungary, Russia, Caucasus, Ukraine and Moldova). It was established under the decision of the Fourth Pan-European Conference (1998) in Aarhus, Denmark, on the initiative of the Central Asian states. In 1999 the governments of the Central Asian countries decided to locate the head-quarters of the future CAREC in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and set up its branches in every Republic of the region. The CAREC's mission is to develop co-operation among NGOs, governments, businesses, donors and other stakeholders for environment and sustainable development (E&SD); and to increase public participation in the environmental decision-making process, thereby assisting in the further development of the civil society.
  • Fundacion Instituto Latinamericano de Politicas Sociales (ILaPS), Argentina The ILaPS is an NGO that promotes an interdisciplinary approach to sustainable, ethical, and equitable development in Latin America. The mission of ILaPS is to promote the integration of human development in areas such as: health, education, socio-economic equality, environment and the management of natural resources. Email:
  • Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI), Brazil The IAI is an intergovernmental organization supported by 19 countries in the Americas dedicated to pursuing the principles of scientific excellence, international cooperation, and the open exchange of scientific information to increase the understanding of global change phenomena and their socio-economic implications. With the recognition for the need to better understand the natural and social processes which drive large scale environmental change, the IAI encourages interactive exchanges between scientists and policy makers. The goal of the IAI is to augment the scientific capacity of the region and to providing information in a useful and timely manner to policy makers. Its primary objective is to encourage research beyond the scope of national programs by advancing comparative and focused studies based on scientific issues important to the region as a whole.
  • International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) The primary objectives of the Centre shall be to help promote the development of an economically and environmentally sound mountain ecosystem and to improve the living standards of mountain populations", especially in the HKH Region. In pursuing its mandate, ICIMOD works mainly at the interface between research and development and acts as a facilitator for generating new mountain-specific knowledge of relevance to mountain development. At the same time, ICIMOD attempts to ensure that new knowledge is shared among all relevant institutions, organisations, and individuals in the region. As such ICIMOD's functions as
    • a multidisciplinary documentation and information centre on integrated mountain development;
    • a focal point for the mobilisation, conduct, and co-ordination of applied and problem-solving research activities;
    • a focal point for training on integrated mountain development with special emphasis on the development of relevant training materials for the training of trainers; and
    • a consultative centre to provide expert services on mountain development and resource management to the HKH countries.
  • Global International Waters Assessment (GIWA) GIWA was launched in 1999 and will be completed in 2004. GIWA is providing a comprehensive, strategic framework for the identification of priorities for remedial and mitigatory actions in international waters, including marine and freshwater, for 66 areas around the world. The first GIWA regional reports will be released in August 2003 and by the end of 2003 some 30 reports are expected to be published. The GIWA methodology involves the use of expert teams in each region who are brought together to examine data and publications related to the region and provide qualitative rankings of the most important issues, drivers, impacts of environmental change, as well as policy options in these regions. Each regional report will provide this qualitative assessment of priorities, the identification of root causes and policy options to address the problems.
  • Crop Science Society of America The Crop Science Society of America (CSSA) is an educational and scientific organization comprised of more than 3,500 members dedicated to the advancement of crop science. Founded in 1955, the Society is truly international in scope with members in more than 100 countries who are advancing the discipline of crop science by acquiring and disseminating information about crops in relation to seed genetics, genomics, biotechnology, and plant breeding; crop physiology; crop production, quality and ecology; crop germplasm resources; and environmental quality.
  • American Society of Agronomy Founded in 1907, the American Society of Agronomy (ASA) is dedicated to the development of agriculture enabled by science, in harmony with environmental and human values. The Society supports scientific, educational, and professional activities to enhance communication and technology transfer among agronomists and those in related disciplines on topics of local, regional, national, and international significance.
  • Soil Science Society of America The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) is an educational and scientific organization comprised of more than 5,500 members dedicated to the advancement of soil science. The Society is international in scope with members in more than 100 countries who are advancing the discipline and practice of soil science by acquiring and disseminating information about soil chemistry, soil biology, soil physics, soil genesis and classification, soil mineralogy, soil conservation and land use and environmental quality. Our membership includes academic teachers and researchers, government employees, private consultants, graduate and undergraduate students.
  • The Ecological Society of America The Ecological Society of America is the nation’s leading professional society of ecologists, representing over 8,000 ecological researchers in the United States, Canada, Mexico and more than 70 other nations. Founded in 1915, ESA seeks to promote the responsible application of ecological principles to the solution of environmental problems through scientific reports, journals, research, and expert testimony to Congress. The Society convenes a conference every summer featuring the latest findings in ecological research which attracts 3,000 scientists and students, as well as members of the media. ESA members hail from academia, government agencies, industry, and nonprofit organizations, and work to provide the ecological knowledge needed to contribute to environmental problem solving in: ecosystem management; global change; habitat alteration and destruction; biotechnology; loss of biological diversity; and ecological restoration. Many of ESA’s members are also leaders in ecological education, and a number are also active in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Through its Professional Certification Program, the Society provides a national set of standards for the field of ecology.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is the world's largest general science organization, seeking to “advance science and innovation throughout the world for the benefit of all people.” Founded in 1848, the AAAS is perhaps best known as publisher of the journal Science . With more than 138,000 members and 272 affiliated societies, the AAAS serves as an authoritative source for information on the latest developments in science and bridges gaps among scientists, policymakers, and the public to advance science, science education, and the effectiveness of science in the promotion of human welfare. In addition, the AAAS Annual Meeting is well regarded for its unique and exciting interdisciplinary blend of more than 130 symposia, plenary and topical lectures, seminars on advanced technologies and research, and more.
  • The National Council for Science and the Environment The National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) has been working since 1990 to improve the scientific basis for environmental decisionmaking. For its efforts, the Council has earned a reputation for objectivity, responsibility, and achievement.  The Council believes that comprehensive and integrated science can help society achieve its environmental goals in the most effective manner, recognizing economic, social, and security implications. The Council's approach to science is embodied in the new phrase "sustainability science." Supported by over 500 academic, scientific, environmental, and business organizations, and by federal, state and local government, the Council works closely with the many communities that create and use environmental knowledge to make and shape environmental decisions.  As an organization where diverse communities can find common ground, the Council focuses on the role of science but does not take positions on environmental issues themselves. In 2001, NCSE launched the Council of Environmental Deans and Directors (CEDD), a professional organization of the leaders of academic environmental programs across the United States.  CEDD now containing over 120 institutional representatives actively addressing issues such as curriculum, workforce training, and successful interdisciplinary program development.
  • The Geoindicators Initiative (GEOIN) of the International Union of Geological Sciences has been working since 1994 to develop conceptual tools for tracking rapid geological change that takes place within a normal human lifetime. With contributions from a widespread network of earth scientists from many countries and sub-disciplines, GEOIN has constructed an annotated checklist of geoindicators. This is now being used in state-of-the-environment reporting, national park management, and assessments of the environmental impact of mining. GEOIN is now working with earth scientists in Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Canada, Egypt, Lithuania, Malaysia and the U.S.A. and elsewhere to improve the monitoring of geological processes that influence organisms and ecosystems. The long-term goal is to ensure that important abiotic geological processes are included in environmental assessments.

Becoming an MA Affiliated Organization

Responding to user needs

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is an international process designed to meet the needs of decision makers and the public for scientific information concerning the consequences of ecosystem change for human well-being and options for responding to those changes. Leading scientists from more than 100 nations will conduct the assessment, with oversight by a Board comprised of representatives of four international conventions, five United Nations agencies, international scientific organizations, and leaders from the private sector, NGOs, and indigenous groups. The MA is designed to meet some of the assessment needs of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Convention to Combat Desertification, and the Ramsar Wetlands Convention, as well as needs of other users in the private sector and civil society. It was launched by U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan in June 2001. The first product will be released in 2003, and other products will be released in late 2004. It is anticipated that the MA will be repeated every 5 to 10 years.

As the assessment progresses, the MA will continue to broaden and refine its outreach, and further engage in its work relevant institutions and actors from different sectors at the national, supranational and sub-national levels. To facilitate continued interactions with the scientific community in particular, the MA has established a network of Affiliated Scientific Organizations. The MA invites international, regional or national scientific societies, academies, ministries, or other organizations responsible for fostering scientific, technical or technological research, monitoring, or assessment or linking scientific research or assessment to the needs of decision-makers to become Affiliated Scientific Organizations and Academies to the MA (ASOA).

The ASOA status will entail the following benefits and responsibilities:

  • The organizations will be encouraged to submit nominations of individuals to serve as Lead Authors in the MA process (through July 2002) and Expert Reviewers of MA documents (trough December 2003).
  • The MA will post a list of all Affiliated Scientific Organizations and Academies on its web-site and send regular updates on the MA progress to the focal points of these organizations.
  • The organizations will be sent review copies of MA products and will coordinate (through means to be defined by each organization) review input from one or more scientists involved in the organization. If multiple reviewers are involved, the organization will synthesize those comments into a single set of comments. Comments will then be sent to the Assessment Panel for consideration.
  • Adequate credit to reviewers, the review process and/or any other significant contribution to the assessment will be included in the final reports.
  • The organization will receive a limited number of copies of the final reports for distribution among members.
  • ASOA will assist the MA’s distribution efforts by identifying individuals and institutions in government, business, civil society, the scientific community and other sectors.
  • The organization will participate and/or encourage their members to participate in other appropriate engagement activities to be undertaken by the MA Secretariat, such as panel discussions on the MA and involvement in ‘user forums’.

Joining the MA

Organizations interested in becoming an ASOA should submit a description of the mission, membership and activities of the organization. The description should not exceed one page. Please identify a “focal point” for the MA, and include the full contact information (name, address, phone, fax, e-mail) for this person. All correspondence between the organizations and the MA will occur through the focal point. The status of ASOA will be granted by the MA Assessment Panel upon recommendation of the MA Secretariat.


  • Christine Jalleh
    WorldFish Center 
    PO Box 500 GPO, Batu Maung
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