From: Subject: Whither the Endangered Species Act? / Protection is good economics Date: Thu, 29 Sep 2005 08:54:30 +0800 MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: multipart/related; boundary="----=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0"; type="text/html" X-MimeOLE: Produced By Microsoft MimeOLE V6.00.2800.1441 This is a multi-part message in MIME format. ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: text/html; charset="Windows-1252" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/09/28/EDGN7EUB761.DTL Whither the Endangered Species Act? / Protection is = good economics Protection is = good economics">
Quick Search=20
=20 =20
SFGate = Home =20 Business = 3D|=20=20 Sports 3D|=20=20 Entertainment=20 3D|=20=20 Travel JOBS 3D|=20=20 REAL ESTATE = 3D|=20=20 AUTOS

OPEN FORUM

Whither the Endangered Species Act? =
Protection is=20 good economics

Andrew = J.=20 Gunther

Wednesday, September 28, 2005

 
3DOpinion
  • Printable=20 Version=20
  • Email=20 This Article

3D.Main=20 Opinion Page
3D.Chronicle=20 Sunday Insight
3D.Chronicle=20 Campaigns

SF Chronicle Submissions
3D.Letters=20 to the Editor
3D.Open=20 Forum
3D.Sunday=20 = Insight


We're frequently told that the Endangered Species Act, a = cornerstone of=20 U.S. environmental law, must be "improved." At the heart of these=20 arguments are claims of economic damage, as critics agonize that = the=20 well-being of critters is placed above that of humans.=20

These criticisms arise from a limited understanding of both = endangered=20 species protection and economics. A key purpose of the ESA is to = enhance=20 our well-being, and in particular that of future generations. = Endangered=20 species, just as the famous canary in the coal mine, indicate the=20 degradation of ecosystems that contribute environmental goods and = services=20 to our economy.=20

These goods and services include clean air and water, crop = pollination,=20 water retention and flood control, soil formation and waste = assimilation.=20 Our economy depends upon these factors just as it does on fossil = fuels,=20 capital investment and labor. If we want a strong economy for = ourselves,=20 our children and grandchildren, it makes economic sense to protect = the=20 ecosystems that provide these valuable goods and services.=20

Unfortunately, the "cost" and "benefit" of endangered-species=20 protection often reflects what can be easily assigned a monetary = value.=20 The ability of our estuaries to absorb and degrade all of our = waste=20 discharges is of great value (imagine if all our waste just built = up). But=20 because it is difficult to give a monetary value to waste = assimilation,=20 this benefit is often overlooked when the "economics" of = environmental law=20 is debated.=20

This selective application of economic theory leads to analyses = that=20 give great weight to easily quantified costs (i.e., timber not = cut, the=20 cost of emission control equipment or the value of unsold water = "left" in=20 a river), but ignore the costs incurred if environmental = protections are=20 not provided (soil erosion, childhood asthma or damaged = fisheries). These=20 selective economic arguments can be made quite compelling, because = the=20 quantifiable costs are often borne by specific individuals or = corporations=20 in particular instances, while the hard-to-quantify (but no less = economic)=20 costs are borne by society as a whole (including future = generations) due=20 to the cumulative impact of the activities of all individuals or=20 corporations.=20

The recently completed Millennium Ecosystem Assessment = sponsored by the=20 United Nations, has made the first global assessment of how the = loss of=20 ecosystem services such as water retention and purification is = adversely=20 affecting human well-being, and how poorly our present economic = markets=20 take such costs into account. For example, an analysis of = Mediterranean=20 forests has documented that the "market value" of timber and fuel = from=20 these ecosystems accounts for only one-third of their total = economic=20 value, with the balance being ecosystem goods and services such as = watershed protection or climate moderation. When the loss of these = goods=20 and services is considered, many nations commonly considered to be = growing=20 in wealth are actually getting poorer, the U.N. assessment found.=20

There is no doubt that the ESA produces economic hardship in = specific=20 cases, as individuals find they are no longer free to take actions = that=20 harm endangered species. These instances prompt claims that = implementing=20 the ESA is causing a "taking" of private property, with complaints = about=20 government intervention in our "free market" economy.=20

Yet, without government intervention, our economy polluted our = rivers,=20 poisoned our air, acidified our rainfall and poured untreated = waste into=20 our estuaries and coastal waters. Government intervention (such as = the=20 ESA) does not "take" private property; it simply represents the = public's=20 refusal to continue to subsidize private activities by allowing = the=20 destruction of public resources.=20

So next time you hear somebody talk about the economic impacts = of the=20 Endangered Species Act, remember the big picture. Protecting = endangered=20 species, and the ecosystems they represent, will keep our economy=20 productive now and in the future.=20

Andrew J. Gunther, Ph.D., is executive director of the = Center for=20 Ecosystem Management and Restoration in Oakland (http://www.cemar.org/). =

Page B - 9

3D"Buy=20

Get 50% off home delivery of the Chronicle for 12=20 weeks!

BIOTECH=20
Several Positions=20
Bio-Rad
BIOTECH=20
NOW HIRING=20
PDL
BIOTECHNOLOGY=20
Regulatory Affairs = Engrs,;Techs;HR...=20
Medtronic Vascular
BIOTECHNOLOGY=20
For over 29 years, Genentech has = been=20
Genentech
BIOTECHNOLOGY=20
Pharm. D. required 3-5 yrs clin. = exp.=20
Genentech
COMPUTER=20
NOW HIRING=20
RightNow Technologies, Inc. =
CONSTRUCTION=20
$70K Per Year=20
KitchenWorks, Inc.
CONSTRUCTION=20
Knowledge of kitchen refacing=20
KitchenWorks, Inc.
CUSTOMER=20
SERVICE $2000+/Mo . Set up/Display =
DENTAL=20
All phases of dentistry =
DENTAL=20
Experienced or new grads welcome=20
Western Dental
EDUCATION=20
Teach Basketball Classes=20
University of California at = Berkeley=20
EDUCATION=20
Work directly with kids&their = parents=20
Sylvan Learning Centers =
ENGINEER=20
Cupertino office position=20
UC Santa Cruz
ENGINEER=20
Cupertino office position=20
UC Santa Cruz
  • About=20 Top Jobs=20
  • View All Top Jobs =
=0A= =0A=
Back=20 To Top
=A92005 = San Francisco=20 Chronicle | Feedback |=20 RSS Feeds | FAQ | Contact
 
Tacoda_AMS_DDC_addPair("site","sfgate") Tacoda_AMS_DDC_addPair("usertype","reader") Tacoda_AMS_DDC_addPair("pagetype","article")
------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universaltable/style/logo-sfgate.gif R0lGODlhhwAXAKIAAGeYmPv9/YutrrLMzdrr7MDV18zh46S/vyH5BAEAAAAALAAAAACHABcAAAP/ CLrc/jDKSau9OOvNu/9HYRBBSRjFICjh4L7wezwhQZqn+gHHWOxAh6BQKhqLA8VxaSQ0Bsyjk9Mz JoNYwS2KVHKPhoX2W5xqBMsrFkgkl67usmIcD2/QR/X6E7WNugBxJXZbbmZiAomJEHhWjIqLexJL BDMMAgcrgUuaNFEFnQACLmKFTaAKpmlzBaqVkhBMqLGcEaoBlhJQX68GZEl0n7AOvAW5XkeZkIqb Rz8UB4YAvl+Zt8nDDNdNaoIBKkzHEVAEKS7URgfbJQVtRomFh8ONZHbeA9G1C60jI5ahc9ANSpTP CKhES57tKgIQ1hBDK+7RY8hA4Lc5Vb7YmXgR/1mZc9iyXRqwLsm9Zukq5lHgTuOcVaJOjszB4oSx mj0qDTFgoKGQll3CLWOmqucCU0kWNqH0cmVMQXrwoJhBpByJGbt4mvAl76YDVSb1eYI5bSVSBUoD bEy4gNKBAzF07MMlRu1LJ1CelVhBpEGZFDXCoaRoi4mfVUtmBBvU1Bk+UwQARlrgi0G0TpWhaLIL AIpfQZEH75Wg7iQlEUvWRsFHycA5Es+OBmCgmfLs2oGmRPscB45YCAXdJFlnxI7oLsQ7zu2E5sqY zgE2T/Fc11AuJj4bCLC4+qkb42kBAYUZYEqJt0l8PaaLuzza2ZZF3DIWiucIG6ErDLlVLhMrgyij 4DeCHqWVYRQL47GjCQoBsSPKLq/wcKBrLBgn0oUYdpBdhhx22EECADs= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universaltable/style/dot-red-5x7.gif R0lGODlhBQAHAIABAMwzM0JCQiH5BAEAAAEALAAAAAAFAAcAAAIIjI+gpsCLoikAOw== ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/brands/chronicle/images/chronicle_logo.gif R0lGODlhlgAVAMQQAM/Pz5+fn6+vrxAQEDAwMHBwcI+Pj1BQUN/f3yAgIGBgYEBAQO/v74CAgL+/ vwAAAP///wAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACH5BAEA ABAALAAAAACWABUAAAX/ICSOZGmeaKqubOu+cCzPdG3feK7vfC87hcXBgKgJFIeGwcEMFB0+nKPR cCCKCEYUJihQGwmCViZIJBULgsJBeAwAuQIcBwjDGW0hZH5jHMYlUCkBIwgCfDFLEEwOAQQETIA2 AQ8EOAIDYgZhAQcKDAoPRTYMBQ+EJaYCKA4Jin0iBg9UDws8AA2SMwgLD3ACtSNADwZSqyUMDcEo bQ+VBaMQY4DTKAC9tAlUDNXSItTfyCOSut7jJw4DByIOyyLKDeYQo9SA9NPk7O7yDp4Jzm4I4TFg YIAWBWICvDEBzBktZwEUCnDEAAEBAw0GFEHIQCGfOgUaLZwnJJcIRwW0/7QqYEJWvEX74HmEQKlB gQFQ2ODcM+DTI24ENIqwSKCKu3SoFPbEuMlgAwIHDpwSIFWBMlslGhyoqSyBE1MJFOAsENaUAaoP FIDd0yvqsAMIpDZYsMpRggUG6hxoSwIAsJftsL57kORBgo5uMgpoo8wgpgdHiKE14KcW3MA0wwx4 AMXvP2cDwFhhAo+By1YPTDwhdlXfAgdzAEyZBcFUlTaL/o0A9lrZvFWysCorwJsEk7SuScBDDXMB AARsOIdi0gsCvNqzHExPTsnryz0OBEypWmrd9eXVT1C1vgyziAUsz2ev7iB989kLdLtfvg9BdwiR CcZeFfS118ts1KUmX/8VygiCWTsEIAKeeFOEdMqAA9aXmgkABKCFMgokB1M8C2q4iH2YHWLifg9Y KOAimxkgBGzKzZeaexoiaGKJDSbnngh1AOScAQGkI0aJ9r2zmTMHmIIKhOwk8MZwGdLXCzcwWfJb gbYglgAwLBnXWIgkcIPejW6oJFUSf2iYTIvshaSMACpVkuU8PDUJRmJ7mDJEmsFpd6EIBRDgxZ5H tQEFAgUpoJRptQAQSl6hiLFIGwL0Mmg6xCwSilfohJJWkUCsEyh9UhXT0T9PmlXGYUoBIMtC0THR BpkKEMEAaSM5QBkuhAAgB4ApjTAAnbv6auk3Ahyzxyr+weGfFrKyU6xyNM1G1Ow4AYS5yLAnMDDR Z85Yiots6fk6zrbCxCOutAFI28Ac4q4ibjGEBhKNOeCEM4K37JSzRQ2koYGvcQsMMPAJHurw3cIQ m8DGOhGTIN48EsZg2h2CVLyFFsB07DE7+9YAXcYj79DRGim37PLLOYQAADs= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/opinion/graphics/opinionbox_title.gif R0lGODlhXAAaAMQQAN7Y2H4rK24ODpZXV867u9bJybaPj76enq6BgZ5lZY5ISHYdHcasrIY6OqZz c2YAAObm5gAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACH5BAEA ABAALAAAAABcABoAAAX/ICSOZGmeaKqubHsShuMchas+T2OPDO7sQJFhgSvmGEESTgfsPX7JFmBQ FDQaRkQUck0ECVfDlqXABZAigEGA047f8JPBDDAR2I9afA8n5lFzDwMjBQwEIgUIDgh6JAwMjQSG IgwyB3UkAI+YmQeWnCOShxCVM5xOgyl+Iw45AFhGCqA+I1gNBAFGAmiUOLwQU0Y4A6C2uLporQ8H Kgm+Iq0BuQEyuQ8BSk+1DwtsAw5UDwKNTrwA1tQO6JxY3YLgOOMQ4aAmB23QRW4izg/7tCJgCRhF CoeXXg94wRIzIhATLvEIOvECa4UTKMoUmMi1YARAiA8YjpjG4xkEAh9Z/+EYtbAEyYoqLuZbZgIB DkwfYdVTVjLhzHrAAOoswbNfIzk4GPI0UU5Ezmsmlhb0CaHMQ5cPNELERhQHBJs0U/QbJdWRyadX Z/ZEYwtFW4hpIfBEmVUFGwEqHwC99wcC2qheEaKhwnWjoIA5AD9ATFUxFLlJTVDB61Qb4rhSm0II dBRRZLiKEQ40EUgAJ2WF03jzaBl018WCVdctUcb05dD84jkYxSBc2JlZMRWwxuvv67UjwBJLE27f WxJllQmLxwz6sCWwHhys/Ph5XuQjwllpgCfV7eMkCgzAg2OBA6A8HbBfsI/7NsyBp/4iZc1M9fu4 mVAIA0B9J4IofLCgCR2BCbJQVoMQ7vFghBRuMWGFGO5wYYYcWiRDhxSGAAA7 ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/chronicle/graphics/new/red_triangle.gif R0lGODlhAwAGAKIAAKAREf////nv77NBQdmgoMBgYNOQkAAAACH5BAAAAAAALAAAAAADAAYAAAML OBKgAOURQIIJIQEAOw== ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: application/octet-stream Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/imp.gif?client=ca-sfgate_300x250&event=noscript R0lGODlhAQABAID/AP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAQAICRAEAOw== ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/jpeg Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/graphics/buy_sf_chronicle_1.jpg /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgAAZABkAAD/7AARRHVja3kAAQAEAAAAPAAA/+4ADkFkb2JlAGTAAAAAAf/b AIQABgQEBAUEBgUFBgkGBQYJCwgGBggLDAoKCwoKDBAMDAwMDAwQDA4PEA8ODBMTFBQTExwbGxsc Hx8fHx8fHx8fHwEHBwcNDA0YEBAYGhURFRofHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f Hx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8fHx8f/8AAEQgAMgBaAwERAAIRAQMRAf/EAIUAAAEFAAMAAAAAAAAAAAAA AAADBAUGBwECCAEBAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAECAwQFEAACAQMDAwMDAwQDAAAAAAABAgMABAUR IRIxEwZBIgdRMhRhIwiBkaEVsUJiEQEBAAIBAgQGAwAAAAAAAAAAARECAxIEMUEyEyFhcaEiBVGR Qv/aAAwDAQACEQMRAD8A9U0ASB1oOjTRjqa100JPfW69WFanHUybTZu0jG7Dar7f80MH8utuZSLi 7BihGo2YdQd+tTp1FWyHzNYQYrN5CztnvmwClr6yjUrPoOpVXK6gDcms3CxDYj5+lyd/YRwYaZrC /QOb4oY1gLMI1EiyMrN+4wRmQFV666Vib624dtu331mbGgYrylrqYwToiSDqBqP+TXv37WdM218K 8/UsKsGGorxWNOagKAJIBI3I6Cgp03lUtxEJYkKgr3Ch20Gmp/tW5tgwYyZu8l58eKsoB4ltdm21 30q+5TBvJkJ5EVmJUD72G+4OnqTpvpWc1UVkbK4eN57mN7m0mlWP8aNnaY212AlxyVtj25OMiaHY VA1x73UUzLLBHA14dJHZgCby3JiZl394uI1Dqy+uutVKa564zuLyFheq1sMFcz9rLILP8iYlwUWM lNGZHLbnqNDQR8Hxtj8BBdWdtcXl/JcarZLkH1gtkUcBbxGLjIF7XFTqdwNRvU6ZPJ097fwysWEu 767uJYOxL+dj/Z+Sq/tuF01STTZJE5D9GBDKTqdPb2vc9H47em/b5uN1aBgc2lzGI39si7Mp6gin c9vj4zwJU8DqNa8LQoCgzDGDtNc29zdHv2l1dW8ifc7KsrGMnQdWiZDVw0cILfucQ0pJUq5cqoYN 6VAlI3bgSS2BjV/cydSD6hmOnQgj+lVCC2ZlaCSQvMkjbuCSwbUjTqft/wAigLiwt4IElvYUMMHd leP3O47ILl4Uj9zMANQo3qlNLDJ22YxBubfvm0ldog+ptpS0ZAJRo3JSQdOoIYVcoh8FF/qcxksR ds9tDc8chZZuZ2lhZ2JEZPeJVXXTXQkakFd9qDM/kHNeZosmN8p8gbIO7AxRY1BZLbXUTvJC0Drx EhkjUMOROh66Ag1lcL18a/LMPkk8drNcLPn7Npre/nhXhHdLbOqJdqo2Xuq6kj6619LsuTrl479Y 57N+xsxmtEc9TXh5tcbYah1XJRQeZ/5BeQeTeI+biXExmWyzNm900YLDS4tdI5GHHc/tlPb61OXW Ylts+jtw2/GSZVHwjzrI5K8xMGfwE16mWeWKzvbdp45Xe39zyCFjxIj25en61j2tPn/bd32b9j55 bm0EiRPBJIO8ve46oZSQwIO3tkH+a6xws8jC8u0Fu0t7eCIK3CWPlsB/1IVdvuB1plEDcfJniNjy 4XrS3cQDKqAsVnjIZGUDf3Dr9aDP8N8lZuTI5u18f8d7eHyJ/MtFQTFUmYjV/cg49zclRr0G/XXr x8HJv6Zalsd8h4z8p+VtYzXTpjZbSfvRnXmyB+LOIz+5uzL/AOfX0NevX9dyf6s1Yu8SD/xwTOZP /Y5u+ubl3VVaJDwU8PtJJ5NsNvSus7Th19W12+x1Xyad4P8AD2B8YUjGWgt+encbVmZtPqWJpefj 0n4TC3N8WnWkAggEY9K+ZybdVy1C1YBQY9/JDF26+O2Pkju0MmCndvyEJDIlzG0XUA7dztnfb61d pnV04tunbLGvDPlKa4ysOSiwF9lshHizZ2t/DG37cpk5SrzbSMCRerLWuLtt9p+MtrXLyy3EW2G9 +W87MsiWMOGh0ZVMrmWYpIu/2llBBUaarXt1/W8l9Vmrhd4e23wzlMlM02ZyVzdmUhpIteMZIPLQ qeS6a/QCu07Tg19Vu32Z6qt2E+E/HrPgRZIzLro0msh36/frWvf4dPTrExauth4Tj7dFVY1CrsFA 0AFcuT9htVmiZt8LZwgaINq8m3c7VrB4ltEg2UCuN3tUoAB0FZBQFAUCF7ZW95bvb3EaywyDR43A ZSP1B2rWu2BEnxSw5e2NVUdFAAH9hXr173aTDPSeQYSziA0QbVy27narg8S2iToorjd7VKBQOgrO RzQFAUBQFAUBQFAUBQFAUBQFAUBQFAUH/9k= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/graphics/clear.gif R0lGODlhAQABAID/AMDAwAAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw== ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/gatemainpages/images/clear.gif R0lGODlhAQABAID/AMDAwAAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw== ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: image/gif Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64 Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/jobs/graphics/hdr-topjobs.gif R0lGODlheAAkALMLAA8yWUtmhYaYrZqsv+vu8WiDoDBZhTJRcsPL1dDY4bK/zf///wAAAAAAAAAA AAAAACH5BAEAAAsALAAAAAB4ACQAAAT/cMmVECIz6827/2AojqFyACgQYEuAkvCEoAI4AzU5GMYQ 8oUYJUUMSFwAIeyW8zBhu97PEIwVUAGEIoVBKknPT3gU9YGAQiTiiFp7v3DOWFSeVmFqNsD9SggU EwQWBAQDCRIJA38sC4IXBAIDLI6MFAJ/MjQZfgKHHHUTiYYZaAijgaanE3ktba0qKUYLNwUna1dE ngJYRBhjuCmHY0hYlRKgBAU8QCw8Aco8gI0By1SMrBUXr7AovkR7CSgFWyoSuwAHAicAPmEDWOdG 7igH62YZoAo8A/pSC8sFqBmQJQBIQQPSXq3ZgAQDrjU32F04xyfJgnOAnoRp+GqWpleE/7BsAAVN App/AyWUXLBy3ypXDF9cdEVrAsWOM/d4xLEzxxsvG2WK1ECSh0kqR6ushAaowLiXOmNavDnm5huq moJaVFRD66Wh+FyyNIqyysmVCJY1gbqQaxeZWHmac3WVZtaPbzJoLTJSbEukZVWSXdCPiic9C/PU 1VmVLly7PLVu8HopEuEBZooaSMp57OZQ0FawRYwzbhOrjxnflfsmoDy8MjOs1Nz5LNkEuCGJVUh6 McSPOSvOVR0ZtkWgxiWInO2X7Enbn9EQ2I0rCzkAb6dCbvIOAKB1w38XZ91tAfgwuHCL86wAgUBp 0Ag9H0hIIOfp/gh/G+q7Z6AUBqwXnP9/86CzThBhRJSCD4UtIxphzrx3VDWAQRNQNBmYQEQBLPQ3 R3fisGCaf8MVQ2JOAi4QhTOHqejgPUCsuFAy1ayFijZxzIIjHIOE0KMGuXFAAG4eDGnMkC3mqOSS TDbp5JOBJJnjjiMIAuWSAQhgCgAFWJCFOQUkUAiHEghSDwICZAnkFZIgEgAgCRRwTyEqoPmmm2u8 s9CVSsgyQw5atiDLMQAcVs4QNu6y0AyHEXDAHX+qhJ15TXTJ5xdmRDoLnUmmpNygh9oU1QGDSrDF onLNsEaoCEh56RJySVDPBruwEGqoc62xxT0TcCmBpu9gcMIdr8ah6acjeYesilGJuoa6ohvM6lEN AxwgTTjo7FmsEscugOuvcmV7iTEzPdvsS+B2+c6DCSBh47ZgxOptqYQu9K0G0EKrwaGazkBsdwnB G+9aV2xwha304qtTOLw24uu0vR6ggb8Cx9DtDAGbd8e9GegbgMT4TAoxssQ+XPEI3V5kACPqMMKx s2UecE8CMmeSw6nmTXLuyR8UkmWSaFqgCCrPaKtwo5FY0EkgAxStSIdaKvAUz1TLBnLVWD9Zc9Zc L2lZ12CH7UEEADs= ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: text/css; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/style.css BODY { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } A.rail { TEXT-DECORATION: none } .text1sm { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .text1smb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .text1md { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .text1mdb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .text1lg { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .text1lgb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .text2sm { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2smb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2lt { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2ltb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2md { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2mdb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2lg { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text2lgb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .text3sm { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .text3smb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .text3md { FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .text3mdb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .text3lg { FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .text3lgb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .text3xl { FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .text3xlb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .text4sm { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, times, serif } .text4smb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, times, = serif } .text4md { FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, times, serif } .text4mdb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, = times, serif } .text4lg { FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, times, serif } .text4lgb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, = times, serif } .text4xl { FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, times, serif } .text4xlb { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: times new roman, = times, serif } .tophed { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .bannertext { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .bannerhed { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 13pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .attribution { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; COLOR: #666666; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .overline2 { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; COLOR: #666666; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .overline2b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; COLOR: #666666; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } A.doc { TEXT-DECORATION: none } A.doc:hover { COLOR: #cccc66; TEXT-DECORATION: underline } #gray { COLOR: #666666 } #gray2 { COLOR: #333333 } #gray3 { COLOR: #cccccc } #gray4 { COLOR: #999999 } #red { COLOR: #990000 } #red2 { COLOR: #660000 } #orangered { COLOR: #993300 } #italic { FONT-STYLE: italic } #bold { FONT-WEIGHT: bold } #white { COLOR: #ffffff } #black { COLOR: #000000 } #blkbld { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; COLOR: #000000 } #darkblue { COLOR: #000066 } #chronblue { COLOR: #006699 } .dropdown1sm { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .dropdown1md { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .dropdown2sm { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .dropdown2md { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } SELECT.ads_jump { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; WIDTH: 130px; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif } TD.fcfix { FONT-SIZE: 10px } .rail_test { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif; = TEXT-DECORATION: none } .dropdown { FONT-SIZE: 8pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif } .header { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif; = TEXT-DECORATION: none } .content { FONT-SIZE: 11px; FONT-FAMILY: verdana } .subtext { FONT-SIZE: 7px; FONT-FAMILY: verdana } .LINKS#a { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; COLOR: #000000; FONT-FAMILY: Arial } .SUB#a { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; COLOR: #000000; FONT-FAMILY: Arial } .font1 { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font1b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font2 { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font2b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font3 { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font3b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana,arial,sans-serif } .font4 { FONT-SIZE: 11px; COLOR: #000000; LINE-HEIGHT: 16px; FONT-FAMILY: = verdana, arial, sans-serif } .geneva1 { FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .geneva1b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .geneva2 { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .geneva2b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 9pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .geneva3 { FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, sans-serif } .geneva3b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 11pt; FONT-FAMILY: geneva, arial, = sans-serif } .helvetica2 { FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .helvetica2b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .helvetica3 { FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .helvetica3b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .helvetica4 { FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .helvetica4b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } .helvetica5 { FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, sans-serif } .helvetica4b { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 14pt; FONT-FAMILY: helvetica, arial, = sans-serif } A.chart { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: = left } A.c500 { TEXT-DECORATION: none } A.c_anchor { TEXT-DECORATION: none } A.c_plain { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: = left; TEXT-DECORATION: none } A.c5chart { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: = left; TEXT-DECORATION: none } TD.lefthdr { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif } TD.c_headleft { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif } TD.c5lefthdr { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif } TD.c_headcenter { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: center } TD.c5centerhdr { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: center } TD.righthdr { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: right } TD.c_headright { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: right } TD.c5righthdr { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: right } TD.c_plain { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: = left } TD.c5chart { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: = left } TD.mono { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Monaco, Terminal, monospace; TEXT-ALIGN: = right } TD.c_mono { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Monaco, Terminal, monospace; TEXT-ALIGN: = right } TD.chartmono { FONT-SIZE: 7pt; FONT-FAMILY: Monaco, Terminal, monospace; TEXT-ALIGN: = right } #content { FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentbody { FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } DL.articlelist { FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } DL.articlelist { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } DL.articlelist .item { MARGIN: 0px 0px 0.5em } DL.articlelist DT { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: = 0.9em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } DL.articlelist DD { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 0.8em; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } DL.articlelist DD.date { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 0.75em; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px; COLOR: #222; PADDING-TOP: 0px } DL.forum { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 12px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } DL.forum DT { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: = 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: = uppercase; COLOR: #aa0000; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, = Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } DL.forum DD { MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px } DL.forum .item { MARGIN: 0px 0px 1.4em; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ddd 1px solid } DL.forum .firstitem { MARGIN: 0px 0px 1.4em; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ddd 1px solid } DL.forum .firstitem DT { FONT-SIZE: 10px; COLOR: #aa0000 } DL.forum .firstitem DD { FONT-SIZE: 12px } .simplemenu { LIST-STYLE-POSITION: inside; LIST-STYLE-IMAGE: = url(/graphics/homepage/blackdot5x7.gif); MARGIN: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: = Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } UNKNOWN { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0.25em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: text/css; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universaltable/style/default.css BODY { BACKGROUND: #fff; COLOR: #000; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif } BODY { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; COLOR: #000; PADDING-TOP: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #fff } A:link { COLOR: #006 } A:visited { COLOR: #369 } A:hover { COLOR: #5c9d97 } A:active { COLOR: #069 } .clear { CLEAR: both; LINE-HEIGHT: 0.1em } .clear { CLEAR: both; DISPLAY: block; FONT-SIZE: 1px; LINE-HEIGHT: 1px } .simplemenu { LIST-STYLE-POSITION: inside; LIST-STYLE-IMAGE: = url(http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/graphics/greybox5x7.g= if); MARGIN: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } UNKNOWN { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0.25em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } #container { WIDTH: 765px } #header TABLE { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0.5em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = BORDER-LEFT: #fff 1px solid; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #logo { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.5em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.5em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.5em; = PADDING-TOP: 0.5em } #sitemenu { BORDER-LEFT: #fff 1px solid } #sitemenu IMG { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.2em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.6em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } .sections { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 10px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: uppercase; = FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } UNKNOWN { FONT-SIZE: 10px } #header .siteindex { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.4em; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } UNKNOWN { FONT-SIZE: 10px } #header .tabledivider { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #fff 1px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 0.4em; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #fastfind { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.75em; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 2px; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } #fastfind STRONG { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; COLOR: #fdffd4 } #fastfind FORM { DISPLAY: inline } #content { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 1.2em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 1.25em; = MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-LEFT: #cce5e5 8px solid; PADDING-TOP: 0.3em } #content #columnlogo IMG { DISPLAY: inline } #contentheader .vendorlogo { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: block; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-WEIGHT: = bold; FONT-SIZE: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.25em; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: = 0.4em } #contentheader { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 8px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #bbbbbb 1px solid } #contentheader H1 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 2px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 6px; FONT-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentheader H2 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 2px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentheader H3 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 2px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentheader H3.althead { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-STYLE: italic; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentheader H4 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 2px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #content P { =09 } #contentheader .author { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.2em; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0.5em; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif } #contentheader .date { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.4em; MARGIN: = 0px; COLOR: #cc3333; PADDING-TOP: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } #contentbody { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.3em; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #contentbody .pagenumber { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; COLOR: #777; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif } #content #divider { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #bylinelogo { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #bbb 1px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.5em; PADDING-TOP: 0.25em; BORDER-BOTTOM: #bbb 1px = solid; FONT-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #divider #columnlogo { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #bbb 1px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.5em; PADDING-TOP: 0.25em; BORDER-BOTTOM: #bbb 1px = solid; FONT-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #divider #bylinelogo IMG { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px 1.4em 0px 0px; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #columnlogo IMG { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px 1.4em 0px 0px; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #bylinelogo H3 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; TEXT-TRANSFORM: uppercase; = COLOR: #293173; LINE-HEIGHT: 2em; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #columnlogo H3 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; TEXT-TRANSFORM: uppercase; = COLOR: #293173; LINE-HEIGHT: 2em; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #bylinelogo H4 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 0px 1.4em; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; COLOR: #666; = LINE-HEIGHT: 2em; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #divider #columnlogo H4 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 0px 1.4em; VERTICAL-ALIGN: middle; COLOR: #666; = LINE-HEIGHT: 2em; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #utilitylinks { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 8px; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px = solid; PADDING-LEFT: 8px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 8px; MARGIN: = 0px; BORDER-LEFT: #666 1px solid; PADDING-TOP: 8px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 = 1px solid; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #utilitylinks IMG { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.3em; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } #utilitylinks A { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.3em; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } #utilitymenu { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px solid; FONT-SIZE: = 10px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px; BORDER-LEFT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: = #666 1px solid } #utilitymenu .simplemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; LIST-STYLE-POSITION: inside; = LIST-STYLE-IMAGE: = url(http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/graphics/greybox5x7.g= if); PADDING-BOTTOM: 3px; PADDING-TOP: 3px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, = Helvetica, sans-serif } #utilitymenu .simplemenu LI { PADDING-RIGHT: 2px; PADDING-LEFT: 5px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 2px; = PADDING-TOP: 2px } UNKNOWN { WIDTH: 166px } #relatedcontent { WIDTH: 160px } #contentobjects { WIDTH: 160px } #poll { WIDTH: 160px } #dropin { WIDTH: 160px } #utilitylinks { WIDTH: 160px } #utilitymenu { WIDTH: 160px } #relatedcontent { MARGIN: 0px 0px 8px 8px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif } #relatedcontent H4 { PADDING-RIGHT: 3px; PADDING-LEFT: 3px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3px; MARGIN: = 0px; COLOR: #777777; PADDING-TOP: 3px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #777 1px solid; = FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; BACKGROUND-COLOR: = #eee } #contentobjects { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px = solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px; = BORDER-LEFT: #666 1px solid; PADDING-TOP: 5px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 1px = solid } #contentobjects IMG { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px solid; MARGIN: 0px = 0px 5px; BORDER-LEFT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 1px solid } #contentobjects H4 { DISPLAY: none } #contentobjects A.more { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: block; PADDING-LEFT: 8px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 8px; MARGIN: 0px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: uppercase; = PADDING-TOP: 8px } .chart { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; DISPLAY: block; PADDING-LEFT: 8px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 8px; MARGIN: 0px; TEXT-TRANSFORM: uppercase; = PADDING-TOP: 8px } #relatedcontent P { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.4em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.4em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.4em; = MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0.4em } #relatedcontent .relateditem { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: = #666 1px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 1px solid } #relatedcontent #dropin { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px solid; BORDER-LEFT: = #666 1px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 1px solid } #relatedcontent .relateditemcontent { PADDING-RIGHT: 3px; PADDING-LEFT: 3px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 3px; = PADDING-TOP: 3px } #relatedcontent .simplemenu { LIST-STYLE-POSITION: inside; LIST-STYLE-IMAGE: = url(http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universal/graphics/greybox5x7.g= if); MARGIN: 0px; FONT-FAMILY: Geneva, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } UNKNOWN { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 3px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } #dropin { BORDER-RIGHT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #666 1px solid; MARGIN: 0px = 0px 10px; BORDER-LEFT: #666 1px solid; BORDER-BOTTOM: #666 1px solid } #dropin H4 { PADDING-RIGHT: 2px; PADDING-LEFT: 2px; FONT-SIZE: 12px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 2px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 2px } #dropin H4 IMG { =09 } #dropin IMG { BORDER-TOP-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-LEFT-WIDTH: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM-WIDTH: = 0px; BORDER-RIGHT-WIDTH: 0px } #dropin P.item { PADDING-RIGHT: 3px; PADDING-LEFT: 3px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 5px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } #dropin P.simplemenu { FONT-SIZE: 10px; MARGIN-BOTTOM: 4px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 4px } #dropin FORM { PADDING-RIGHT: 4px; PADDING-LEFT: 4px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 4px; PADDING-TOP: 4px } #adblock { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 8px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 10px } #ad1 TABLE { PADDING-RIGHT: 4px; BACKGROUND-POSITION: center 50%; PADDING-LEFT: 4px; = BACKGROUND-IMAGE: = url(http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universaltable/style/adheader-s= m.gif); PADDING-BOTTOM: 4px; BORDER-LEFT: #fff 1px solid; PADDING-TOP: = 4px; BACKGROUND-REPEAT: no-repeat } #boxad { MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px } P.adheader { PADDING-RIGHT: 2px; DISPLAY: none; PADDING-LEFT: 2px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 2px; MARGIN: 0px; COLOR: #888888; PADDING-TOP: 2px; TEXT-ALIGN: left } #skyad { BACKGROUND-POSITION: center 50%; BACKGROUND-IMAGE: = url(http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/universaltable/style/adheader-s= m.gif); BACKGROUND-REPEAT: no-repeat; TEXT-ALIGN: center } #skyad .adheader { TEXT-ALIGN: center } #buychronicle { DISPLAY: block; FONT-SIZE: 10px; FONT-FAMILY: Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: left } #wellsfargo { BORDER-RIGHT: #ffcc33 2px solid; PADDING-RIGHT: 5px; BORDER-TOP: = #ffcc33 2px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5px; FONT-SIZE: 10px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 5px; MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px; BORDER-LEFT: #ffcc33 2px solid; WIDTH: 144px; = PADDING-TOP: 5px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #ffcc33 2px solid; FONT-FAMILY: = Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif } #wellsfargo SCRIPT { FLOAT: left } #wellsfargo NOSCRIPT { FLOAT: left } #wellsfargo P { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } UNKNOWN { WIDTH: 131px } #wellsfargo A:link { COLOR: #dd0000 } #wellsfargo A:hover { COLOR: #880000 } #footer { BORDER-TOP: #777 1px solid; FONT-SIZE: 10px; MARGIN: 0px; TEXT-ALIGN: = left } UNKNOWN { FONT-SIZE: 10px } #footer TD { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 8px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cc3333 } #footermenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 1em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = BORDER-LEFT: #fff 1px solid; PADDING-TOP: 0px; BACKGROUND-COLOR: #cce5e5 } .backtotop { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.4em; DISPLAY: block; PADDING-LEFT: 0.4em; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.75em; PADDING-TOP: 0.4em } #footer #chroniclemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0.75em; FLOAT: left; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0.25em } #footer #sectionmenu { FLOAT: left } ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: text/css; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/templates/types/Default/style/basic.css .simplelist { MARGIN-LEFT: 20px } UNKNOWN { MARGIN-LEFT: 0px } .simplelist LI { LIST-STYLE-IMAGE: = url(/templates/types/universal/graphics/greybox5x7.gif); COLOR: #555; = LIST-STYLE-TYPE: square } UNKNOWN { MARGIN-LEFT: 15px } UNKNOWN { MARGIN-LEFT: -20px } DL.simplelist { MARGIN: 0px } .simplelist .item { MARGIN: 0px 0px 10px } .simplelist DT { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; BACKGROUND-POSITION: left 50%; PADDING-LEFT: 10px; = BACKGROUND-IMAGE: = url(/templates/types/universal/graphics/greybox5x7.gif); PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px; BACKGROUND-REPEAT: no-repeat } .simplelist DD { MARGIN: 0px 0px 0px -20px } .simplelist DD { MARGIN: 0px } .simplemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; MARGIN: = 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } .simplemenu LI { LIST-STYLE-TYPE: none } .inlinemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.4em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.4em; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0.4em; = MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0.4em; LIST-STYLE-TYPE: none } #dummy { =09 } .inlinemenu LI { PADDING-RIGHT: 2em; DISPLAY: inline; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0px; MARGIN: 0px; PADDING-TOP: 0px } .articlelist { MARGIN: 0px } .articlelist .item { CLEAR: both; MARGIN: 0px 0px 0.8em } .articlelist DT { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 12pt } .articlelist DT A { FONT-WEIGHT: bold } .articlelist DD.subtitle { FONT-WEIGHT: bold; FONT-SIZE: 12pt; MARGIN: 0px } .articlelist DD.description { FONT-SIZE: 10pt; MARGIN: 0px } .articlelist DD.date { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; MARGIN: 0px } .articlelist DD.biline { FONT-SIZE: 9pt; MARGIN: 0px } .articlelist IMG { FLOAT: left; MARGIN: 0px 0.4em 0px 0px } .twocol { MARGIN: 0px 0px 1em } .twocol1 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.5em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.5em; FLOAT: left; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0.5em; PADDING-TOP: 0.5em } .twocol2 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0.5em; PADDING-LEFT: 0.5em; FLOAT: left; PADDING-BOTTOM: = 0.5em; PADDING-TOP: 0.5em } .twocol2 { MARGIN: 0px 0px 0px 1em } .clear { CLEAR: both; FONT-SIZE: 0.1em; LINE-HEIGHT: 0.1em } ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: text/css; charset="iso-8859-1" Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://www.sfgate.com/jobs/style/topjobs.css #topjobs { BORDER-RIGHT: #888 1px solid; BORDER-TOP: #888 1px solid; FONT-SIZE: = 7.5pt; MARGIN: 0px 10px 10px 0px; BORDER-LEFT: #888 1px solid; = BORDER-BOTTOM: #888 1px solid; FONT-FAMILY: Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, = sans-serif; TEXT-ALIGN: left } #topjobs H3 { MARGIN: 0px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #888 1px solid; TEXT-ALIGN: center } #topjobs H3 { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; FONT-SIZE: 8.5pt; = BACKGROUND-IMAGE: url(/jobs/graphics/bkg-topjobs.gif); PADDING-BOTTOM: = 8px; PADDING-TOP: 8px; BACKGROUND-REPEAT: no-repeat; BACKGROUND-COLOR: = #eee } #topjobs DL.simplelist { MARGIN: 5px } #topjobs .item { PADDING-BOTTOM: 10px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #999 1px solid } #topjobs .firstitem { MARGIN-BOTTOM: 10px } #topjobs .firstitem { PADDING-BOTTOM: 10px; BORDER-BOTTOM: #999 1px solid } #topjobs .lastitem { MARGIN-BOTTOM: 10px } #topjobs .item DT { BACKGROUND-IMAGE: url(/templates/types/generic/graphics/blacktri.gif) } #topjobs .firstitem DT { BACKGROUND-IMAGE: url(/templates/types/generic/graphics/blacktri.gif) } #topjobs .lastitem DT { BACKGROUND-IMAGE: url(/templates/types/generic/graphics/blacktri.gif) } #topjobs .simplemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 0px; PADDING-LEFT: 0px; PADDING-BOTTOM: 0px; = PADDING-TOP: 0px } #topjobs .simplemenu { PADDING-RIGHT: 5px; BORDER-TOP: #888 1px solid; PADDING-LEFT: 5px; = PADDING-BOTTOM: 5px; PADDING-TOP: 5px; LIST-STYLE-TYPE: none; = BACKGROUND-COLOR: #eee } #topjobs A { COLOR: #006 } #topjobs A:link { COLOR: #006 } #topjobs A:visited { COLOR: #616188 } #topjobs DD.company A:hover { COLOR: #444 } ------=_NextPart_000_0000_01C5C4D3.677595B0 Content-Type: application/octet-stream Content-Transfer-Encoding: quoted-printable Content-Location: http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js // NOTE: This file is intended to be compiled with JSCompiler. If you are=0A= // getting a compiler error when using a JavaScript built-in, please = update=0A= // google3/contentads/frontend/externs.js=0A= =0A= function quoted(str) {=0A= return (str !=3D null) ? '"' + str + '"' : '""';=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_encodeURIComponent(str) {=0A= if (typeof(encodeURIComponent) =3D=3D 'function') {=0A= return encodeURIComponent(str);=0A= } else {=0A= return escape(str);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_write_tracker(d, ad_url, tracker_event) {=0A= var qloc =3D ad_url.indexOf('?');=0A= var img_src =3D = 'http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/imp.gif?event=3D';=0A= img_src +=3D tracker_event;=0A= if (qloc !=3D -1 && qloc + 1 < ad_url.length) {=0A= img_src +=3D '&' + ad_url.substring(qloc + 1);=0A= }=0A= var img_tag =3D '';=0A= d.write(img_tag);=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_append_url(param, value) {=0A= if (value) {=0A= window.google_ad_url +=3D '&' + param + '=3D' + value;=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_append_url_esc(param, value) {=0A= if (value) {=0A= google_append_url(param, google_encodeURIComponent(value));=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_append_color(param, value, random) {=0A= if (value && typeof(value) =3D=3D 'object') {=0A= value =3D value[random % value.length];=0A= }=0A= google_append_url('color_' + param, value);=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_get_user_data(w, date) {=0A= var screen =3D w.screen;=0A= var javaEnabled =3D navigator.javaEnabled();=0A= var tz =3D -date.getTimezoneOffset();=0A= =0A= if (screen) {=0A= google_append_url("u_h", screen.height);=0A= google_append_url("u_w", screen.width);=0A= google_append_url("u_ah", screen.availHeight);=0A= google_append_url("u_aw", screen.availWidth);=0A= google_append_url("u_cd", screen.colorDepth);=0A= }=0A= =0A= google_append_url("u_tz", tz);=0A= google_append_url("u_his", history.length);=0A= google_append_url("u_java", javaEnabled);=0A= =0A= if (navigator.plugins) {=0A= google_append_url("u_nplug", navigator.plugins.length);=0A= }=0A= if (navigator.mimeTypes) {=0A= google_append_url("u_nmime", navigator.mimeTypes.length);=0A= }=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_modify_client(client) {=0A= client =3D client.toLowerCase();=0A= if (client.substring(0, 3) !=3D 'ca-') {=0A= client =3D 'ca-' + client;=0A= }=0A= return client;=0A= }=0A= =0A= function google_write_iframe(w, d, ad_url) {=0A= ad_url =3D ad_url.substring(0, 1000);=0A= ad_url =3D ad_url.replace(/%\w?$/, '');=0A= =0A= if (w.google_ad_output =3D=3D 'js' &&=0A= (w.google_ad_request_done || w.google_radlink_request_done)) {=0A= d.write('